Definition and characteristics of ADHD

Introduction to ADHD

ADHD stands for the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. It is believed to be caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain affecting the parts that help in controlling attention, impulsivity and concentration. This disorder is usually found only in toddlers and children.  In teens and adults this disorder is rather known as ADS (attention deficit syndrome), since the hyperactivity part of this syndrome usually falls away with the acquired awareness of age. Children and adults who have this disorder find it difficult to filter information and thus they cannot focus on what is acutely important.

Definition of ADHD

The attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a syndrome characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention, impulsiveness, hyperactivity which interferes with  academic, occupational and social interactions and performances.

This disorder occurs most frequently in children. For them the additional psychosocial problems can weigh heavily, once they become aware that their behavior is regarded as not normal.

Causes of ADHD

Actually there is not a single cause behind the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.  Many factors are thought to be responsible for it. After research of many years several important causes of attention ADHD have be gathered. They are in the following categories:

  • Heritable factors
  • Environmental toxins factors
  • Way of living factors
  • Neurotransmitter factors
  • Diet regime factors
  • Pregnancy and fetal factors

All these above mentioned factors can contribute to the cause of developing this syndrome. This means that as few as one or as much as every factor together can be responsible for ADHD to emerge.

The characteristics of ADHD

The following list is a collection of some common symptoms or characteristics of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder:

  • Most of the children with this disorder have trouble when starting new things. Since they are easily distracted, they find it difficult to begin concentrating on the new subject. In practical terms this means they usually have trouble with newly introduced subjects at elementary school.
  • Children suffering from this syndrome find it difficult to follow rules and standards established by their school. To follow them means to understand and to remember them. This proves to be a problem, since these children lack the concentration to remember the rules.
  • Children with ADHD take longer to understand things, even though they are, on account of their higher brain activity, potentially more intelligent than other children of the same age. Things need to be repeated more often which can lead to the child becoming bored with the subject because of its repetitiveness.
  • Children with ADHD have, on account of the problems above,  social problems with other children or authority such as their parents or teachers. From other children they receive uncensored discrimination, which is a typical behavior for this age. From older people they witness impatience and dissatisfaction towards them.

The ADHD characteristics are common in most of the cases.  Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder can be treated naturally in a gentle way by patience and a sense of understanding from their surrounding.